Erythema is a skin condition characterised by redness or rash. There are many types of erythema, including, photosensitivity, erythema multiforme, and erythema nodusum. Photosensitivity is caused by a reaction to sunlight and tends to occur when something, such as an infection or medication, increases your sensitivity to ultravoilet radiation.
Erythema multiforme is characterised by raised spots or other lesions on the skin. It is usually caused by a reaction to medications, infections (especially herpes, simple virus), or illness. Erythema nodosum is a form of erythema that is accompanied by tender lumps, usually on the legs below the knees, and may be caused by certain medications or diseases.
UV-induced Erythema can be treated by over the counter medications that ease inflammation and cool your skin, alternatively, a moisturiser or ice packs (wrapped in a damp cloth) and staying hydrated will help manage the burn. If a bacterial infection caused this condition, your doctor will prescribe antibiotics to treat it. You can treat erythema nodosum that’s caused by a drug reaction by stopping the medicine.
Prevention by treating underlying diseases and avoiding known triggers (certain medications). It is also important to avoid the sun when taking certain medications. Sunblock creams are essential for any movement outdoors. Antihistamines for itching. Aspirin and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs). Burrow's compresses - a solution used to soothe skin conditions, particularly blisters. Corticosteroids - applied to the skin (topically); corticosteroids may also be taken orally to reduce symptoms of erythema nodosum. Intravenous immunoglobulin - used experimentally for SJS and TEN. Photomodulation therapy - use of light-emitting diode to accelerate the resolution of erythema.